Stereographics, 3D projection

Written by Paul Bourke

The following contains information around stereographics, it includes theory and practical installation matters (both hardware and software). Examples from the authors practice can be found in this photographic gallery of stereoscopic installations , mostly (but not entirely) passive (polaroid based) stereoscopic projection systems.

Please note that I am available as a consultant on all matters relating to the material found here.

Omni directional stereoscopic panoramas

Capturing high resolution stereoscopic panorama images

Mathematics for Omni-Direction Stereoscopic Panoramas

High resolution omnidirectional stereo panorama imaging and tiled displays

Synthetic stereoscopic panoramic images. Presented at: VSMM 2006, 18-20 October 2006, Xi'an, China. Published in: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Springer, ISBN 978-3-540-46304-7, Volume 4270/2006, pp 147-155.

Stereoscopic panoramic images. Computer generation and projection of stereoscopic 3D panoramic images, includes spherical, cylindrical, planar, and cubic stereoscopic maps. See also: 360 degree stereoscopic display

pano_align. A utility and work-flow for aligning film based stereoscopic panoramas.
Q: What do you get when you cross a cow with an octopus?
A: A visit from the ethics committee and immediate withdrawal of your funding.
Flat wall stereoscopic installations

Stereoscopic installation TMAG. Stereoscopic installation and image processing for the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery. Islands to Ice, the Great Southern Ocean & Antarctica. Opened 8 March 2006. Peter Morse, Paul Bourke

Virtual ROOM. Design and installation of VROOM at Melbourne Museum. Was called "Virtual Containment Vessel". November 2003. Presentation given at OzViz 2003.

To Mars and Beyond. Stereoscopic theatre and movie installed as part of a space exploration exhibit at the Australia National Museum in 2001 followed by Melbourne Museum in 2003.

Camera frustums for 2 wall stereoscopic projection.

Mesh alignment for stereoscopic projection

Passive stereo projection. Discussion of passive stereoscopic projection while installing theatre at the Parkes Radio Telescope. 2000.

A small rear projection stereoscopic system. A VPAC (Victorian Partnership for Advanced Computing) project. Paul Bourke and David Bannon, April-October 2002.
No animals were harmed in the creation of this web page, however a large number of electrons were extremely inconvenienced.

Spatial errors in stereoscopic displays

Calculating stereo pairs. The correct way to calculate stereo pairs and how to create them using any raytracer (examples from POVRay), some principles for creating easy viewing stereo pairs/movies, and examples on how how to create stereo pairs in OpenGL. Computing parallax

VSMM 2007 - Stereoscopy: Theory and Practice. Workshop, 23 September 2007. (Brisbane), P. Bourke, P. Morse.

Three common options for passive stereoscopic systems

Stereoscopic ghosting correction

Pulfrich Illusion. Binocular Imbalance and Depth Perception in Visual Display Systems.

Stereo Pair Image File Format. Format for defining stereo pair attributes proposed by VRex Inc and the interleaved format.
"Who you gonna believe, me or your eyes?" Groucho Marx

Glasses free stereoscopic presentation: A selective review. See also OzViz 2015 presentation slides. A commentary on four autostereoscopic display devices: barrier strip tablet, 4K lenticular display, lenticular prints and synthetic holograms.

Synthetic dynamic hologram. An exercise in creating a full colour hologram of a synthetic object.

Lenticular prints and Presentation slides. Autostereoscopic (no glasses) lenticular images.

I wanted to persuade myself that these flaws were only apparent flaws, that they were all part of a much vaster regular structure in which every symmetry we thought we observed really corresponded to a network or symmetries so complicated we couldn't comprehend them all. Italo Calvino


Extracting perspective stereoscopic pairs from dual fisheye VR cameras.

Additional cameras, most stereoscopic, for PovRay. Currently: perspective (stereoscopic), stereoscopic cylindrical panorama, stereoscopic spherical, stereoscopic and offset fisheye.

Create side-by-side stereo pairs in the Unity game engine.

Torque: modifications for stereoscopic projection and user tracking

Various stereoscopic data viewers (Of historical interest only)

Using QuickTime to Present Stereoscopic Movies. Including an older OpenGL based stereoscopic movie player.

If toast always land butter side down, and cats always land on their feet, what happens if you strap toast on the back of a cat and drop it? Stephen Wright


Virtual Immersion. Simulating Immersive Experiences in VR. Virtual reality video contribution to IEEE VR 2018: the 25th IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces March 18-22, 2018, Reutlingen, Germany.

Autostereoscopic lenticular prints for data visualisation. OzViz 2014

Capture of Omni-Directional Stereoscopic Panoramic Images. Siggraph Asia. Hong Kong 2013.

Two posters at OzViz 2013. Melbourne, December 2013.
PLACE-HAMPI. Augmented stereographic panoramas of the Vijayanagara, India. 2008.

Stereoscopic showreel at the Graphite 2004 Electronic Theatre International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Australasia and Southeast Asia. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 15-18 June 2004. Paul Bourke, Drew Whitehouse, Warik Lawrence, Peter Morse, Sarah Kenderdine.

IPOD-Photo Stereoscope. The smallest digital stereoscopic projection system?

Projection test: stereoscopic fisheye and iDome

Stereoscopic recording. Filming in stereo, a practical case study. Includes a small scale stereoscopic photography and filming, a prototype. The low cost way to photograph/film stereo pairs and how to manually creating stereo pairs from a photograph.

Stereoscopic dome projection. Proceedings of the Computer Games & Allied Technology 09 (CGAT09), Research Publishing Services, ISBN: 978-981-08-3165-3, pp 136-143. Presented at Computer Games & Allied Technology 09, Singapore, May 12, 2009.

Creating and Viewing Anaglyphs. Viewing red/blue or red/green stereo pairs including how to create them in realtime using OpenGL.

I used to think that the brain was the greatest organ in the human body, then I realized,"Hey! Look what's telling me that!" Emo Philips
DepthQ projector. Brief evaluation as a stereoscopic projection solution. (Of historical interest only)

Reconstructing temple engravings from stereo pairs

Supercomputer simulation of Nano-Molecular Motors (2005). Stereoscopic presentation. Alexe Bojovschi, Paul Bourke, Ming Liu, Richard Sadus, Music: Tu Cam Le.

Blue line, frame sequential stereo




To tell us that every species of thing is endowed with an occult specific quality by which it acts and produces manifest effects, is to tell us nothing. But to derive two or three general principles of motion from phenomena, and afterwards to tell us how the properties and actions of all corporeal things follow from these manifest principles would be a very great step. Issac Newton

Contents : Papers, Presentations, Workshops
Geometry, Surfaces, Curves, Polyhedra
Fractals, Chaos, Self similarity
Domes, Planetariums, Fisheye, Spherical Mirror
Stereographics, 3D Projection
Panorama, 360 Video
Photographic Reconstruction
Miscellaneous: Projection, Modelling, Rendering
Data Formats: 3D, Audio, Image
Texture Library, Fun, Puzzles, Travel
All pages in one place
New/Updated : GoPro MAX 360 Action Cam movie layout/format
"Having a bad hair day" strange attractor
Visualising Mandelbrot Escape Trajectories
Experiments in Reverse Perspective
Tools for Spherical Mirror Projection
Offsite : FaceBook, Sketchfab, YouTube, Vimeo, Shapeways

The contents of this web site are © Copyright Paul Bourke or a third party contributor where indicated. You may print or save an electronic copy of parts of this web site for your own personal use. Permission must be sought for any other use. Any source code found here may be freely used provided credits are given to the author. Purchase of credit free licenses of material found on this site can be negotiated with the author. The author can also quote for unique variations and/or higher resolution versions of the images found on this site.